as economic reforms in the 1990s shifted land ownership into the hands of private smallholders, family farmers became the predominant source of agricultural production in the region. to address the absence of well-developed institutional support, fao is implementing a regional initiative on empowering smallholders and family farms for improved rural livelihoods and poverty reduction.
while international trade policy is usually implemented at the border, adherence to food safety and quality standards concerns national food safety systems as well as food safety and quality control at the enterprise level. this means that a supportive policy environment for modern agrifood trade encompasses not only border policies, but also policies and institutions at the national and enterprise level.
the impact of climate change can already be felt on food production systems in the region, posing considerable challenges for agricultural production and food security. fao is helping countries to manage their natural resources sustainably, while also coping with climate change and reducing the risk of disasters affecting agriculture, forestry and fisheries.
stories from the field
with two fao workshops this week in bishkek, countries of central asia and the caucasus are advancing towards improvements in their fisheries and aquaculture sectors.
one workshop was aimed at disseminating knowledge on restocking- and culture-based fisheries under the auspices of the central asian and caucasus regional fisheries and aquaculture commission (cacfish), while the other kicked off a project on fish feed development.
fao project will provide technical assistance to moldovan authorities for conducting the first national forest inventory
forests are important strategic natural and renewable resources for republic of moldova, with the potential to positively contribute to the national economic development and the welfare of its citizens.
ukraine has productive and healthy soil, called chernozem, that is rich in organic matter. however, leading ukrainian soil scientists estimate that water erosion affects 13.4 million ha, including 10.6 million ha of arable land.